Chenming Paper (000488): The cost advantage of pulp and paper leading is obviously recommended

Chenming Paper (000488): The cost advantage of pulp and paper leading is obviously recommended


Event summary The company achieved operating income of 288 in 2018.

76 ‰, a decrease of 2 per year.

02%; realized attributable net profit of 25.

1 billion, down 33 a year.

41%; realized non-net profit deducted from the parent company.

54 ‰, a decrease of 42 per year.


Net operating cash flow was 141.

Ten percent of 00, a year-on-year increase of 592 times.


Our Analysis and Judgment (1) The scale of revenue has fallen slightly, and the downturn in the market has led to a decrease in profits. In 2018, the company achieved operating income of 288.

76 trillion, a decrease of 5 from the previous year.

9.6 billion.

From an industry perspective, mechanism paper / finance leasing contributes revenue 243 respectively.


02 trillion, a year-on-year change of -19.


34 ppm, with a ten-year growth rate of -7.

52% / 11.

90%, the two account for 84% of total revenue.

17% / 7.

63% is an important part of the company’s revenue.

From the perspective of the main mechanical paper products, white cardboard, double-adhesive paper, coated paper, electrostatic paper, release paper, and household paper respectively achieved revenues of 64.






49 trillion, the corresponding revenue increase is -4.

66 / -2.

13 / -7.




60 ppm, a ten-year increase of -6.

75% /-3.

35% /-14.44% / 1.

39% / 0.

02% / 8.


Among them, white cardboard, double offset paper and coated paper accounted for 71% of the total paper machine business revenue.


By region, domestic / foreign revenue was 245.


15 trillion, respectively contributed revenue increase of -9.


84 ppm, a ten-year increase of -3.

84% / 9.

78%, of which the domestic region contributed 85% of operating income.

06%, most of the main content.

The net profit attributable to shareholders of the listed company for the current period was 25.

100,000 yuan, a decrease of 12 from the previous year.

6 billion.

The reasons for the decrease in profit come from two aspects: First, due to the downturn in the papermaking market in the second half of the year, the company’s paper sales fell, the price fell, and the profitability of the company fell.As a result, the company’s financing costs have risen and financial costs have increased.

(2) Comprehensive gross profit margin decreased 2.

64pct, the cost rate during the period dropped by 2.

16pct’s consolidated gross profit margin for 2018 was 31.

27%, a decrease of 2 compared with the same period last year.

64 units.

From the perspective of the main products and industries, the gross profit margins of white cardboard, double-adhesive paper, coated paper, electrostatic paper, release paper, and finance lease were 16 respectively.

23% / 26.

60% / 27.

47% / 40.

11% / 39.

74% / 92.


The gross profit margins of the three major paper types of white cardboard, double offset paper, and coated paper in 2018 increased by 14 compared with the same period last year.

71% /-3.

20% / 0.

09%, usually caused by a slight increase in revenue; electrostatic paper / anti-stick paper / finance lease gross margin increased from the same period last year.

51% / 5.

63% / 6.

72%, a gap of growth.

The decrease in the gross profit margin of white cardboard and coated paper was mainly due to the decrease in the market price of white cardboard and coated paper, and the increase in the gross profit margin of electrostatic paper and release paper was mainly due to the decrease in costs.

Expenses for the company during 2018 16.

97%, ranking fell 2 last year.16 units.

The sales / management / financial expense ratios are 4 respectively.

12% / 3.

35% / 9.

49% change in the same period last year -0.



13杭州桑拿 units.

The increase in financial expense ratio was mainly due to the increase in interest expense.

Of the 2018 financial expenses, interest expenses increased by 10.

5.6 billion.

(3) Integrated layout of forest pulp and paper with significant cost advantages The company has started to implement the strategic layout of forest pulp and paper integration since 2001. In the domestic paper industry, the company has a high self-sufficiency rate of wood pulp until the end of December 2018, The company has a capacity of 328 additives for homemade wood pulp.

According to the report baseline, Huanggang Chenming’s annual output of 30 targeted chemical wood pulp projects has been put into production in mid-November 2018, and Shouguang Meilun’s 40 chemical wood pulp projects have also entered the production commissioning stage 西安耍耍网 and will soon be put into production.

The commissioning of these projects can further improve the self-sufficiency rate of wood pulp, change the contradiction between supply and demand of wood pulp raw materials, and reduce production costs.

Compared with the ratio of purchased wood pulp, the cost advantage of self-made pulp is significant, which ensures that the company’s paper products continue to lead the industry in terms of gross profit margin: It is reported that the company’s average ton paper price is about 5,626 yuan / ton (compared with 5298 yuan / ton in the same period last year).), Gross profit per ton of paper is about 1721 yuan / ton (1544 yuan / ton in the same period last year).

As the company’s self-sufficiency in wood pulp increases, gross profit per ton of paper is expected to increase further.

In addition, the price of wood pulp raw materials is relatively stable, the advantages of bulk material procurement and the expansion of supporting logistics services greatly reduce the logistics and transportation costs of raw materials and finished products, which greatly improves the company’s cost advantage and quality stability.

(IV) Leading paper production capacity, scale advantage highlights the company as a leading company in the Chinese paper industry. After years of development, it has now formed a capacity of more than 1,100 tons of pulp and paper, and has a scale that rivals international paper companies.Hubei, Jiangxi, Jilin, Wuhan and other places have built paper production bases.

The large-scale centralized production and operation model makes the company have obvious economic benefits, and makes the company have alternative market influence in terms of raw material procurement, product pricing, and industry policy formulation.

In addition, in recent years, environmental protection policies have been intensively introduced, the industry has accelerated the clearance of small and medium-sized production capacity, and the concentration of the industry has increased significantly. Large and large enterprises can continue to increase the barriers to entry into the industry through the advantages of large-scale production and enjoy the industry’s new profit cycle.


Investment suggestion As a leader of Chinese papermaking companies, the company has a leading industry in terms of production capacity and significant scale advantages.

There is a full range of paper products, with the main products occupying the forefront in the market. The leasing business has made more efforts and the profitability is stable.

Through the development of upstream pulping business, the company has improved the self-sufficiency rate of wood pulp, which can significantly reduce production costs, enhance the company’s core competitiveness, and provide strong support and guarantee for the company’s future development.

In terms of environmental protection, we have sound pollution control facilities. These environmental protection indicators are at the forefront of the country and the world.

At the same time, the company actively cooperates with universities, scientific research units and international advanced enterprises to increase technical innovation capabilities and scientific research and development efforts. It has 18 invention patents and participated in the formulation of 5 national standards to lead the latest and highest-end technologies of the Chinese paper industry.

Therefore, we predict that the company will achieve revenue of 314 in 2019/2020/2021, respectively.



1.7 billion, net profit 32.



07 ‰; corresponding to PS0.



62 times, corresponding to PE7 / 6/5 times, the first time “recommended level”.


Risks indicate the risk of fluctuations in raw material prices; the risk of excess capacity and reduced demand; the risk of changes in environmental protection policies.

China Animal Husbandry (600195): Significant improvement in Q2 performance vaccine opportunities worth attention

China Animal Husbandry (600195): Significant improvement in Q2 performance vaccine opportunities worth attention

1. The event company released its semi-annual report for 2019.

2. Our analysis and judgment 1) The performance of the second quarter improved significantly, basically in line with market expectations. In the first half of 2019, the company achieved operating income18.

3.52 million yuan, at least -3.

212%, of which biological products, trade income, feed, veterinary drugs contributed revenue5.

2.9 billion, 5.

0.6 billion, 4.

2.8 billion, 3.

64 ppm, at least -0.

87%, +18.

96%, -12.

49%, -15.


The company’s net profit attributable to the parent is 1.

62 ppm, at least -15.

65%; net profit after deduction is 1.

610,000 yuan, at least -15.


The company’s consolidated gross profit margin is 28.

37%, -0 per year.

78pct; period expense ratio is 22.

52%, ten years +1.

33pct, mainly due to the increase in management and R & D expenses.

In Q2 2019, the company achieved revenue of 10.

35 trillion, ten years +8.

22%; net profit attributable to mother 0.

74 trillion, ten years +9.

52%; net profit after deduction is 0.

74 trillion, ten years +10.


2) Affected by downstream production capacity, the performance of piglets under pressure was affected by African swine fever, the increase in pig throughput was severe, and the vaccine industry was generally affected.

The company’s market-oriented vaccine market adheres to the “one-household, one-strategy” strategy, and expands the number of farms, and its production capacity is relatively stable. Therefore, the company’s market-oriented vaccine income for pigs is basically stable.

Part of the pig recruitment for pigs was significantly affected by the epidemic situation, and sales volume declined slightly.

At present, the company has obtained a new veterinary drug certificate for OA two-valent vaccine for swine foot-and-mouth disease. It is expected that it will be available for sale by the end of 19Q3, catching up with Qiufang’s contribution to some performance.

3) The volume of meat and poultry has increased, and the performance of poultry has been bright. Benefiting from the prosperity of the downstream meat and poultry breeding industry, the company has actively expanded the sales of poultry vaccines and expanded the government procurement of avian influenza vaccines. The replacement of strains has promoted product prices.Achieved both volume and profit.

19H1 subsidiary Qian Yuanhao’s net profit reached 1438.

09 million yuan, +55 for ten years.


We believe that the prosperity of meat and poultry will continue, and through the rise of the company’s bird flu sales, the gradual stabilization of the process, the cost side has some room for decline, and the gross profit level may increase, optimistic about the performance of poultry seedlings. 3.

Investment suggestion The company’s business covers a wide range. The poultry seedlings continue to benefit from the improvement of downstream 上海夜网论坛 prosperity and rapid growth in future performance. Pig seedlings benefit from the strategy of major customers, and the market seedlings are partially controlled by non-pesticidal effects. Feed is mainly for poultry feed.Benefit from the expansion of meat and poultry farming; the current situation of chemical medicines affected by policies, and the development of international markets in the future may bring new breakthroughs.

We expect the company’s EPS for 2019-2021 to be 0.



70 yuan, corresponding to PE is 21/19/16 times, given a “recommended” rating.


The risk indicates the risk of animal epidemic, the risk of new product launch or lower than expected, the risk of animal vaccine safety, the risk of market competition, etc.

Air China (601111): Outstanding performance on international routes meets expectations

Air China (601111): Outstanding performance on international routes meets expectations

Event: The company released the first quarter report of 2019: realized revenue of 325.

500 million, previously + 3%, net profit attributable to mother 27.

200 million, +3 a year.

6%, deducting non-attributed net profit of 26.

5 trillion, +1 a year.

9%, the company’s performance basically meets market expectations.

The performance of international routes is gradually domestic, and the overall level of passenger kilometers is basically flat.

1Q1 company’s overall / domestic / international ASK growth rate was 6.

6% / 5.

0% / 8.

8%, overall / domestic / international RPK growth rate is 7% / 4.

2% / 11%, international demand is better, with an international 厦门夜网 load factor of 79.

8% (ten years +1.

5 points), the company overall / domestic guest implantation 81.

4% / 82.

4, respectively equal to +0.

3 points / -0.

6 points.

In 19Q1, the company’s revenue growth rate was only 3%, mainly due to the impact of domestic cargo aviation losses. We estimate that the company’s Q1 passenger revenue increased by +7.

At 4%, the passenger-kilometer income level was basically flat for six months.

As of March 19, the company’s fleet size was 676. In 19Q1, a total of 10 aircraft were introduced and 3 were withdrawn.

The pressure on jet fuel costs has eased, and unit fuel deduction costs are expected to continue to improve.

The average purchase price of aviation kerosene in 19Q1 is 4756 yuan / ton, which is about 2% per year. We expect the unit ASK fuel consumption to continue to improve significantly. The cost of aviation fuel in 19Q1 is basically flat, and the cost of ASK deduction for other units continues to improve. The company continues to comply.Cost control capabilities.

On the expense side, the company’s current period (tax + sales + management expenses) totals 27.

300 million, accounting for 8.

4%, basically basically the same; considering that Q1 RMB appreciates about 2% against USD and USD, after the implementation of the new leasing plan in 19 years, the company ‘s US dollar debt increased, and the corresponding exchange flexibility increased (the exchange flexibility doubled). It is expected thatThe company’s exchange income is about 1.3 billion US dollars, and the company’s financial expenses are -1.

13 trillion (-10 trillion in the same period last year).

Investment income and flight subsidies have temporarily increased, supplementing exchange non-profit profits increased by + 15% per year.

The company’s other income in the current period was 700 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 40% per year (mainly due to the increase in cooperation channel subsidies), and the company’s investment income reached 3.

1 trillion, an increase of 1 in the same period last year.

80,000 yuan, mainly due to increased profits of associates.

If we assume currency exchange and non-economics (and exclude the impact of Air China Cargo), we estimate that the company’s profit will increase by + 15%.

Investment suggestion: Against the backdrop of macroeconomic growth prospects, aviation demand performance has improved, and the industry supply and demand improvement brought about by the introduction of grounding time for Boeing 737MAX (supply-side contraction, stable demand), the company takes into account high-quality flights, high season ticketsThe price performance may be worth looking forward to, and the EPS is expected to be 0 in 2019-2021.

74 yuan, 0.

96 yuan, 1.

09 元,对应PE 为13x\10x\9x,维持“买入-A”评级。 Risk Warning: Aviation demand exceeds expectations, oil prices have increased significantly, and the yuan has actually depreciated.

Workplace hard work: rookie vs old fritters

Workplace hard work: rookie vs old fritters

Only a low-key success in Cocoa returned to Canada from studying abroad, corresponding to the employment of foreign companies is not hesitant.

She thinks she is fluent in spoken English and has a thorough knowledge of her professional knowledge. She tries to hold a bronzing diploma-Vancouver University of British Columbia.

Therefore, Coco was suddenly very confident during the interview, and the answer was rash.

I can see that the interviewer is very satisfied with Coco.

Near the end, she wanted the interviewer to declare her passing. Who knew that the interviewer suddenly picked up the resume and read it to himself? When he saw the name of the university, he suddenly said: “There are two good universities in Vancouver.The University of British Columbia and Simon Fraser University on the mountain . “Coco was particularly pleased because she was very familiar with the two universities, so she began to make endless speeches, blindly expressing the strength of the” mountain “argument, the argumentAssets and the University of British Columbia are incomparable. Graduates out there are not good at finding jobs because of lack of comprehensive ability . When Coco saw the interviewer’s face became hot, she had no chance to recover.

After asking the staff who were present afterwards, I knew that the interviewer had graduated from the mountain university and was also classified by Coco as part of “not strong enough”.

  The alarm bell reminds that although schools have advantages and disadvantages, graduating from a prestigious school does not mean that they have strong abilities.

If you graduated from a prestigious school, don’t just compare it with others, the interviewer will naturally weigh it.

Like Coco, it is a pity to just hit the “South Wall”.

When talking about professional knowledge, you can talk about it. Keep a low profile elsewhere, so that others do not think you are too public.

Also don’t do things that hurt others to elevate yourself, otherwise the interviewer will feel that your character is wrong.

  For a while, the waves were calm and usually called a “crazy girl” by a friend. On the day of the interview, she was dressed as a professional. She also cut her short hair and turned into a “lady”.

When the interview was halfway through, the interviewer told Tao that many of the clerks recruited by our company had the opportunity to face foreign businessmen. Foreigners were very fancy about whether you would disguise yourself, otherwise you felt that you did not respect him.

Peach listened respectfully, but blossomed in her heart.

As soon as the interviewer finished speaking, she put the carry-on bag on the place. After opening, the interviewer’s eyes were straight and began to have a wide range of cosmetics such as eye shadows, lip glosses, etc. This is where peaches are ready to go to the bar for entertainment with friends after the interview.Yes, it actually came in handy.

After interviewing for a moment, the interviewer seriously judged that Tao’s cosmetics were too much, too colorful, and lost the professional female style.

Peach heard that half of her anger had come to her heart. She felt that the interviewer could not live with her clearly, and she immediately patted the case: “You talk too bullying, it wo n’t work, then it wo n’t work, just pull it down. Do I not have this job?Can’t live?

“The interviewer also thundered, and immediately said” Out “!

  The alarm bell reminds: When facing aggressive interviewers, the most important principle is not to be irritated, not to mention that the other person is too bullying because the questions they are asking are too sharp.

Absolutely, the other person’s personality is not friendly at all, or if you want to give the job applicant a disappointment first, you must not get angry, otherwise, even if your other conditions are better, you will lose the interview.

Honestly, some companies think that professional competence is better than everything, and the personality of employees is not very important; but there are also many companies that think that teamwork is more important than anything.”Method” is often used by interviewers as a way to eliminate most candidates.

  When Shou Deyun opened to see sunrise Awen went to the interview, she was sitting opposite the “Great Emperor” who was both the boss and the interviewer, and she tried to calm herself.

Awen was basically able to answer the interviewer’s questions, but when she looked at the interviewer’s disapproval, she became suspicious.

After answering each question, the interviewer just nodded and asked the next questions.

A Wen felt that the interviewer was playing the sea of tactics, and she had to take patience to fight against him.

In the end, A Wen felt that it was a miracle to be able to answer all the questions of the interviewer, and it did not matter whether he was accepted.

However, it turned out that Awen’s decision was correct, because she received a post-admission notice four days later.

  Alarm bell reminder: Interviewers sometimes “show” in front of job candidates, the purpose is to put pressure on you to see your ability to adjust your emotions.

Some jobs are “high-pressure jobs” that require a lot of patience and pressure resistance.

Therefore, when it comes to interviewers who have difficulty getting the job done, it is the time to show job candidates’ resilience. If they answer questions well, they are often easily hired by employers.

Yoga bowel cleansing, not everyone can do it

Yoga bowel cleansing, not everyone can do it

In too many yoga halls in our city, the words of yoga bowel cleansing class are often seen, that is, the method of clearing the bowel is only using yoga + saline without drugs.

In the dry weather of autumn, this kind of fitness method has attracted many people’s attention.

The reporter specially experienced according to his method.

  [Personal experience]Yoga bowel cleansing needs to be performed on an empty stomach in the morning. When I wake up at 8 am, I do n’t eat anything. First, prepare 1,000 ml of warm saline (two mineral water bottles + one spoon of salt, taste slightly salty, but it is bestStill buy 0.

9% saline), adding in one breath.

Hey, don’t say, it’s really difficult to drink so much water in the early morning minutes.

I just drank a little sickly and vomited, and my stomach was bulging.

At this time, compared to the six methods of yoga detox, I started to do one by one.

Because of the comparison of the pictures and the action, I completed all the actions in only 15 minutes.

After I finished, I had a reaction in my stomach . I went to the toilet a total of 2 times this day, and it was very easy. It seemed that I had exhausted all the toilets.

In order to maintain the effect and let the stomach and intestines rest, I drank white porridge that day, and my stomach became flat, and I was relaxed for a while, but I was a bit dry and hungry.

  [Netizen comment]After practicing yoga for bowel cleansing, the reporter went online to check the feedback of other netizens ‘experience. Everyone was mixed: Yoyo: I have done it, the effect is really good, but the salt water is really hard to drink, drink it all at onceWith 3 liters of saline, the stomach’s absorptive capacity is inherently limited, and those brines simply flow to the intermediates.

And in the intermediate, also because the osmotic pressure of saline is relatively high, the small intestine has to secrete a large amount of digestive juice to replace it. In this way, it is all liquid in itself, it is strange to not have diarrhea!

  Whoilold: I tried it twice and it worked.

I think salt water is not difficult to drink, it tastes better than drinking pure white water.

Even if you lose weight, it will take some water off your body, so it may be slightly thinner.

But it won’t be long before it recovers.

  The skin is: I tried this, I drank a lot of hay, and I felt like vomiting.

It’s pulled, but not a lot, and it’s thin.

My feeling is that salt has marinated the water in my body.

  Pearl milk tea: I tried it once, and the stomach hurt for 3 days. I didn’t want to eat anything. The stomach was bloated and uncomfortable, which hurt my body.

Coupled with diarrhea, the whole person collapsed.

  [Expertise]Yoga bowel cleansing, also known as Shangkajie bowel method, is available in yoga studios.

The amount of water you drink at a time is about 1000 ml, you don’t need to drink 3000 ml at all, and add a small amount of salt to it. Some trainers (if often constipated or stubborn constipation) also need to add a certain amount of lemon juice or grapefruitjuice.

Then with some specific asanas, the water that is drunk quickly is pressed into the coupling, softening and disintegrating the stool.

Proper exercise will not cause a large amount of water to be absorbed, putting a burden on the kidneys.

However, Shangka Jiechang method is generally used in conjunction with fasting therapy. There are strict habits such as diet, which are for the treatment of some chronic diseases and require the guidance of experienced teachers.

Therefore, it is not suitable for all people, and it is not recommended to practice often.

As a health care method, ordinary yoga practitioners can do it several times a year, and those with special needs can do it once more under the guidance of a teacher.

Gastritis, frail Qi, and those who have recovered from a serious illness are not suitable for practicing this method.

  This method of bowel cleansing differs from person to person. Generally, kidney function is not good, people with poor stomach are not suitable, and not everyone is effective, because there are many reasons for constipation.

Therefore, under normal physical conditions, it is okay to occasionally be so clear.

In addition, drinking too much salt water is not good for the body and it will increase the burden on the kidneys, so 750ml-1000ml is enough.

It is not recommended to drink it in one breath, it is best to drink it within two hours, the burden on the stomach and kidneys is slightly lighter.

Spring Cough Xiaobian teach you some recipes

Spring Cough Xiaobian teach you some recipes

The old saying goes, “Remedies can cure serious illnesses, and herbal medicine can kill famous doctors.”

Recipes are based on past experience and are passed down from generation to generation.

Here are a few small remedies for treating remedies for cough, everyone can try.

  One recipe: 1 raw pear, 10 dried lychees, 3 grams of Fritillaria chuanxiong, a small amount of rock sugar.

  [Preparation and use]Pears are cut into hearts, dried lychees are peeled and shelled with nucleus, and the medicine is steamed and eaten while hot, once a day, and can be cured in 3-5 days.

  [Indication]Interpretation of Feng Han Cough Xiaobian: What is Feng Han Cough?

  Traditional Chinese medicine uses dialectics to classify coughs into five types based on different characteristics of cough: wind and cold cough: spitting, accompanied by headache, nasal congestion, runny nose, cold and fever, and can be treated with Xingsu powder.

The therapy consists of dredging wind and dispersing cold, declaring lungs and relieving cough.

  Wind-heat cough: fever, dry mouth, spitting, and sore throat.

It can be treated with Sangju. The medical theory is Shufengqingre, phlegm and cough.

  Dry cough: dry cough, less phlegm, dry lips and throat.

You can use Liangzhusan or Qingzao Jiufei Decoction to dry the lungs.

  Phlegm cough: phlegm is thick and snoring in the throat, chest tightness, shortness of breath may occur.

It can be treated with Erchen Decoction, which has the effect of strengthening spleen and dampness, resolving phlegm and relieving cough.

  Physical Cough: When you cough, your hair will turn pale, your face will turn pale, your two skins (face bones under your eyes) will turn red, you won’t be able to lift your breath or your hands and feet will become feverish.

Optional treatment with Maimendong Decoction or Bufei Decoction.

Should start from nourishing lung qi, moistening lungs and coughing.

  Recipe 2: 5 grams of tea, 100 grams of white radish.

  [Preparation and use method]Brew tea leaves with boiling water to extract juice, then slice the radish, cook in a pot, season with salt, and pour the tea juice and eat.

2 times a day.

  [Indications]Cough and sputum due to bronchitis.

  Recipe 3: Almonds, mulberry leaves, burdock seeds 9 grams each, bellflower, mint leaves 5 grams each.

  [System usage]Shuijianbi, 2 times a day.

  [Indications]Wind-heat cough.

  Recipe 4: 25 grams of mulberry leaves, 15 grams each of almonds and rock sugar.

  [Preparation]Use 2 bowls of water and fry into 1 bowl. Warm and warm while serving.

  [Indication]Cough due to cold.

  Recipe five: white radish, one pear each, 30 grams of raw honey, 7 white pepper, as described in ephedra.

  [System usage]Put the medicine in a bowl and steam it.

Take it.

  [Indication]Cough due to cold.

Develop a simple and effective muscle-building diet plan

Develop a simple and effective muscle-building diet plan

Muscle building is a comprehensive and complex process.

It requires proper exercise, and the diet is enough for this very important position. How to eat well and eat effectively is very learned and very particular about it.

  The first meal: breakfast because there is no food supply overnight, the body urgently needs metabolism, especially flashing, stepping on to provide energy for the first few hours of work.

Composite fibers “burn” very slowly and provide energy lastingly, which is a better choice.

  Of course, you also need to absorb proteins to maintain a constant flow of amino acids in the blood, which helps prevent muscles from catabolizing them.

This meal should provide about 50 grams of protein.

  Second meal: Snack in the morning About 3 hours after breakfast is time to eat again.

This is one of the smaller meals of the day, and it only requires the body to get energy for the rest of the morning and maintain a constant amino acid flow in the blood.

  The amino acids come from protein, and the protein in this meal replaces chicken breast meat, or high protein powder.

You can add some vitamins, such as fruits.

Fruit is also a good source of cellulose, which is often lacking in the diet of most bodybuilders.

  Third meal: lunch The focus of the lunch is protein, which also includes complex glucose and vegetables.

Protein foods such as beef, salmon, etc. are good choices for the muscle growth phase because they can provide extra impurities in addition to protein.

Salmon and other fish contain healthy aunts.

  In some other aspects, such as potatoes, rice and pasta.

  Fourth meal: Like the snack in the morning before training, the main purpose of this meal is to ensure a continuous flow of amino acids in the blood.

It should be implanted at least one hour before training.

During the muscle gain phase, you replace one.

High protein drink, plus some carbohydrates.

  Fifth meal: The meal after training and dinner consists of two parts. The first is a drink that is absorbed within 30 minutes after training.

Absolutely you are trying to increase muscle mass or reduce body fat. At this time, you should add simple bones to supplement the glycogen reserve consumed during training.

The ideal way is to supplement protein and glucose in a ratio of 1: 2.

It is ideal to absorb 25-30 grams of protein, because you must ensure sufficient amino acids to rebuild muscle, and you cannot slow down the simple protein absorption due to excessive protein absorption.

  The second part of the meal is supplemented about an hour after the snack. It consists of solid food and should include a complex mixture (such as rice, potatoes) and high-quality protein (such as steak), and eat plenty of vegetables.

  Meal 6: Late Night Snack The most important part of this meal is protein to ensure that amino acids are provided to the body when sleeping.

If you want to eat, you can absorb a small amount of impurities.

Of course, most bodybuilders avoid carbohydrates completely at night because they are more likely to turn into aunts at rest.

What are the symptoms of keratitis?

Has keratitis affected vision?

What are the symptoms of keratitis?

Has keratitis affected vision?

In life, we often hear that someone has keratitis.

So what is keratitis?

What are the symptoms of general keratitis?

Does this situation affect people’s vision?

What are the symptoms of keratitis?

The cornea is a transparent tissue with a certain thickness on the surface of our black eye beads. The inflammation of the cornea is keratitis.

There are many types of corneal arthritis, and each patient may be different.

There may be: eye pain, red eyes, feeling things in the eyes, fear of seeing light, tearing, eyelid jumping, decreased vision, excessive eyelids, etc.

Does keratitis affect vision?

When keratitis is not cured, it will obviously affect vision.

If the inflammation has been cured, and whether keratitis affects vision, it is mainly because of how serious the fatality is.

Whether it is at the center or the periphery of the cornea, it only affects the shallowest surface of the cornea, or it forms a deeper ulcer.

(1) If the fluorescence range is shallow, there is no trace after the treatment, or even if there are residual traces, the position of the displacement around the cornea, that is, the circle outside the black eyeball, may have no effect on vision orHas little effect.

(2) If the inflammation range is deep, there will be obvious wound marks after the treatment, and even the offset position in the center of the cornea, that is, the pupil area, has a great influence on vision.

(3) The condition is particularly serious. Some of the whole eyeballs will be affected and removed. It is completely invisible.

How to prevent keratitis?

Pay attention to eye hygiene, eye drops that are not free to use antibiotics, etc. Eye drops that require prescription can be purchased; do not rub your eyes with dirty hands, so that your invisible eyes should be hygienic; if you have any problems with your eyes, you should see them promptly; if you have diabetes,Other chronic diseases such as dry eye syndrome also need timely and effective treatment.